Oral Surgery

Oral-Surgery-Final-1024x567Dental extractions

Teeth may have to be removed for several reasons:

  • Extensive damage to a tooth – if a tooth has significant decay or is badly broken down it can develop an infection which left untreated can develop into a serious facial swelling
  • Periodontal disease – gums can become inflamed and infected from plaque and calculus build-up. This inflammation can lead to loss of the supporting bone beside the teeth and teeth can become mobile. Not all teeth are able to be maintained with periodontal treatment and may require removal.
  • Removal advised by specialist orthodontist to assist with orthodontic treatment and improve appearance
  • Cracks in a tooth root – a root can crack or completely split and extraction is required if repair is not possible

Wisdom teeth

What are wisdom teeth?
Wisdom teeth (third molars) usually erupt through the gums of people in their late teens or early twenties. Often wisdom teeth become wedged or “impacted” when there is limited space for normal eruption and they can remain partially or fully below the gums. Not all wisdom teeth require removal as some may fully erupt and cause no problems.
Impacted wisdom teeth can cause the following problems:

  • Infection and inflammation (swollen, red gums) can develop pain, swelling and jaw stiffness
  • Damage to nearby molars – a food trap can develop between the wisdom tooth and the molar next to it and this can cause cavities in both teeth
  • Crowding of front teeth
  • Cysts (uncommon)

When should wisdom teeth be removed?
Removal of wisdom teeth in younger adults is associated with reduced post-operation swelling and pain. After examining your mouth, jaws and radiographs, your dentist may recommend prompt removal of one or more wisdom teeth due to the following reasons.

  • Lack of space for the tooth to erupt
  • History of pain and infection – surgery may be delayed while the infection is being treated
  • Removal advised by specialist orthodontist to avoid crowding of remaining teeth

If you require multiple wisdom teeth to be removed our dentists may organise referral to an oral and maxillofacial surgeon for this treatment.